The sterlet is a valuable food fish, member of sturgeon family. This freshwater fish can be found in the rivers of the European part of Russia and Siberia. The sterlet has a relatively small size (about 53 centimeters in length and weights about 2 kg), it has long and narrow nose portion. It is quite variable in coloring, but usually has a yellowish ventral side
Characteristics of sterlet
Sterlet is rich with essential fatty acids. These have beneficial effect on metabolism, prevent the appearance of malignant tumors, reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, support heart and vascular system, normalize brain function and circulation. In addition to fatty acids, starlet offers high content of vitamin PP, fluorine, zinc, nickel and chromium. Since sterlet meat does not contain any carbohydrates, it is often recommended for diabetes diet.
Benefits of sterlet
Eating sterlet meat up to three times a week can help to prevent heart attacks, improve vision and brain activity. Sterlet also contains fluoride promoting the growth and strength of bones, supporting and helping the children to grow. In addition, fatty acids reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. Moreover, there’s a significant amount of iodine in sterlet meat compensating its deficit in an human organism and normalizes the thyroid gland.
The use of of sterlet
Sterlet caviar is used successfully in cosmetology. Substances contained in the caviar, act on cells of the skin by stimulating the production of collagen. When using masks with these components, the facial skin becomes younger. Hair becomes smooth and shiny.
In cooking, you can find plenty of recipes for dishes with starlet. Its meat has an extraordinary taste quality. Fish can be served in stewed and baked form.
Beluga - is the largest freshwater fish. It can be easily distinguished from the other inhabitants of rivers and reservoirs by its appearance. The skin of beluga is gray with a slightly white belly. The size may reach several meters in length and up to 1 500 kilograms in weight. Beluga lives found primarily in the Caspian Sea basin. It should be noted that today beluga is considered as practically extinct and equated to the treasure of the sea.
Beluga may be considered as the most useful fish. Here is why: its meat and caviar contain vitamins A, C, E, PP and E. Beluga offers also a considerable amount of trace elements such as magnesium, calcium, fluoride, iron, sodium, molybdenum, potassium and phosphorus. Moreover, there are more than 20% of proteins that are characterized with their high level of digestibility.
As well as all the sturgeon, beluga is an excellent source of essential fatty acids omega-3. Thus, beluga meat is significant participant in the fight against heart attack, stroke, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Calorie content of beluga
Beluga refers to high-calorie fish. Its meat contains not more than 150 kcal per hundred grams, while its caviar contains about 220 kcal per hundred grams.
Beluga is incredibly helpful for the organism. On one hand - it contains digestible proteins essential for the proper development of human cells. On the other – it consists of the vitamins and minerals most important for our bodies.
The use of beluga in medicine
Beluga is often recommended in case of the following diseases: myocardial infarction, tachycardia, elevated cholesterol, hypertension, and thrombophlebitis. Beluga meat is very useful during pregnancy, as well as in cases of increased mental fatigue and a tendency to stress and depression.
The use of beluga in cosmetology
Today cosmetics based on caviar are becoming more and more popular. Moreover, the preference is usually given to beluga caviar. Its compounds are employed in creating of shampoos, shower gels and creams.
Acipenser – this fish of sturgeon family has an ancient origin. Acipenser has an elongated body with an elongated and pointed mouth. This fish may reach a length up to three meters. Acipenser does not have scales. Instead, its skin is protected with five bony plates, starting at the head and converging the body toward the tail.
Characteristics of acipenser
Acipenser meat somewhat tastes like the meat of animals. This is due to the rich content of glutamic acid.
Acipenser has a beneficial effect on the heart and brain activity, improves the immune system, normalizes metabolism and restores the blood pressure. Acipenser caviar promotes normal development of skin cells.
The use of acipenser
The asipenser has been widely used in cooking. This fish may be boiled, stewed, fried, steamed, stuffed, baked and smoked. This fish is also suitable for barbecue. Boiled asipencer is often used in salads and appetizers. The fish has very unique structure. While cooking practically entire fish may be used, without any waste. The acipenser is often used in medicine. Many doctors recommend their patients to eat acipenser meat and caviar after surgery for a quick recovery.
Starry sturgeon or Sevruga
Starry sturgeon or Sevruga – fish of sturgeon family, native to the Black, Azov, Caspian and Aegean sea basins. A distinctive feature of sevruga from other sturgeon is unusually long nose shaped like a dagger. By its dimensions starry sturgeon is inferior to many sturgeon and rarely exceed 5 meters in length and 50 kg weight. The average sizes of the fish range from 1.2 to 1.5 m in length and from 5 to 6 kg.
The composition and benefits of starry sturgeon
This fish is extremely rich with protein. It comprises a set of macro and microelements including iodine, fluorine, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc and others. In addition, sevruga is rich with vitamins A, group B, D and E.
Bester – fish bred in artificial conditions by crossing the representatives of the two families of sturgeon: beluga and sterlet. This fish may grow up to 2 meters in length and weight about 30 kg.
Calorie content of bester
Bester cannot be called a dietary fish. There are 147 kcal per 100 grams of fish meat.
The composition of bester
The fish contains a lot of minerals, such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron and molybdenum, as well as essential vitamins and amino acids. There are also unique fatty acids "omega-3" and "omega-6". Bester caviar is more fat than its meat and has practically the same set of useful elements.
A large number of vitamins has a positive impact on the overall functioning of the body and its individual organs and systems: heart, nervous, circulatory, vascular and immune systems. Amino acids and fatty acids improve brain function and vision, it is a preventive measure against heart attacks and malignant neoplasms.
The use of bester in cooking
A large number of dishes can be made using the bester: nourishing soups and broths, fried or baked steak, boiled or pickled appetizers, smoked fish parts.
Black caviar – one of the most expensive delicacies. It is much more expensive than red caviar. It is a caviar of sturgeon species. Beluga caviar is considered to be the best among them. The extraction of black caviar is forbidden by law in Russia and it may be done only at specialized sturgeon farms.
Composition of black caviar
Black caviar is rich with nutrients, necessary for the harmonious development of the human body. It contains digestible protein, fat, vitamins A, E, D, B group, amino acids, fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, and minerals: calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, sodium, manganese, phosphorus, iodine, silicon and other macro and micronutrients.
- Black caviar enhances immunity
- Regular consumption of black and other types of caviar reduces the risk of developing cancer
- Black caviar is useful for the cardiovascular system, improves blood circulation and blood composition reduces the probability of blood clots
- Has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, helps to fight stress and bad mood
- Improves memory and brain activity
- Experts recommend to include caviar in the diet of pregnant and lactating women
- Black caviar increases sexual activity of men and women
- Slows down the aging process, helps to preserve the beauty and health for many years.